The functioning of your car depends heavily on the carburetor. It is a vital part of your engine. It mixes the gas and air together, and helps in the car’s combustion process. The carburetor functioning is affected when its parts get damaged or contaminated. The filth from the environment such as grass, twigs, mud etc. contaminate the carburetor parts. The carburetor thus has to be regularly cleaned, and properly adjusted so that the engine of the car functions properly. For this, it is not necessary to take your car to the garage, or get it cleaned and adjusted by some mechanic. You can adjust and clean the carburetor yourself if you know how to adjust a carburetor.
There are basically two adjustments to the carburetor. One is adjusting the mixture and the idle speed of the carburetor, and the other is adjusting the choke leakage of the carburetor. You can make both these adjustments yourself with reference to carburetor adjustment given below.
How to adjust a carburetor? - Mixture and Idle Speed
- Switch off the engine of your car and open the car hood.
- When you open the car hood, you can see one filter. Remove this filter and also the cartridge along with it.
- You can then see an ‘idle mixture screw’. Turn this screw in clockwise direction. When the registering needle of the cartridge meets the seat, stop turning the needle. After this, again turn this screw in anticlockwise direction for 1 1/2 rotations.
- Some vehicles have a main jet, which adjusts the carburetor. It is located at the end of the float bowl. In this case, the main jet screw has to be turned till the screw and emulsion seat meet.
- Replace the cartridge and the air filter as it was, and restart the car engine.
- Let the engine be turned on for some time on half throttle. Keeping it on will help raise the temperature of the engine.
- Again, turn the ‘idle mixture screw’ in clockwise direction once when the engine slows down turn this back by half, turn again.
- The aluminum cylinder engines should be run at a speed of 1,750 RPM, and cast iron cylinder sleeve engine should be set at 12000 RPM.
- If this adjustment is done, and still your car engine is not functioning well, you will have to adjust the choke linkage of your carburetor. It is better to make this adjustment and check the choke linkage regularly to ensure that the car engine functions smoothly.
Adjusting the Choke Linkage of the carburetor:
- For adjusting the choke linkage, remove the cartridge and the filter of the car engine.
- Locate the engine’s choke lever. The lever will be located on the engine or in the remote speed controls.
- As mentioned on the equipment, set it to ‘high’ or ‘fast’.
- Next step is to check the engine’s mounting brackets that hold the cable casing. Relax these mounting brackets, so that the cable casings move freely. Adjust these casings till the choke of the engine is closed completely.
- After this adjustment, tighten the mounting brackets again. Check the motion of the control lever. Repeat this adjustment until you are satisfied with the settings of the choke linkage.
These settings and adjustments will help the carburetor function effectively. If you do not want to remove the carburetor and place it back, you can save on this effort by using specific products available in the market. These products are designed in a specific way, so that the carburetor can be cleaned while it is in the engine itself.
Keep the car’s carburetor clean, so that you never face a breakdown or any sort of trouble with your car engine.