How to Conclude an Essay

Essays can be described as information or a feature written from the point of view of the writer. It can be on any topic, where the nature of discussion can be varied; for example, argumentative, comparative, exploratory, narrative, descriptive, critical, persuasive, personal etc. Essays have become an important mode of learning any language, and form a major part of academic learning. A simplified definition of essay indicates that essay writing is merely a delivery of a message in the writer’s words, where the topic under discussion is presented from the writer’s point of view. This leads us to the conclusion that the quality of writing within an essay is determined by its efficiency in projecting the intended message accurately and clearly.

Where concluding an essay only remains as a constraint for beginners, for ages, essay writing has been seen as a barrier for many students, where it is assumed to be a constraint in performing well in academics, or obtaining admission in a desired study program. This is delusion. Essay writing pushes one to explore English as a language, and improve communication skills. Writing is delivering, and you must consider an essay as an effective medium to put forth your perspectives and opinions, where the sole intention is to engage the reader in the conversation. Your ideas must be put forth in such a manner that it not only attracts the reader’s attention, but also quenches his thirst for knowledge. Therefore, it is important that you analyze the topic carefully, understand its essence, determine the expectations of the reader, and work to fulfill them.

The following important points should be considered while writing an essay :-

  • Think very carefully about the theme of your essay.¬†Consider and note down all important aspects, and select the most significant elements to be covered in the essay.
  • To develop ideas, you can try mind mapping, a technique used to integrate your ideas and organize them appropriately for further processing. The key is to take a blank page and start by writing the topic of discussion at the center of the page, then forming branches of random thoughts, where each thought is brainstormed on to give rise to more sub-thoughts.
  • Always try to mention facts, as they will make your essay convincing and stronger in terms of your point of view. Never assume things, research if you have the option, or simply explain the facts that you know. Also, mention only what’s relevant to the topic. Writing irrelevant things will disinterest the reader and he may not read the entire part. So, don’t stray from the common lines.
  • The best way to start is, write whatever comes to your mind first and then edit it according to your topic because, thinking about the format can distract your thinking process. Also, in order to keep up with the flow of thoughts, choose to write your essay using a pen and a piece of paper, rather than typing them on a Word document, where typing errors can distract your course.
  • Try to be as simple as possible. Avoid using complicated words. Your essay needs to be informative as well as highly engaging, for which you need to maintain simplicity in the information that you project. Yes, you need to dig deep to get to the roots of the subject of discussion, but you can still choose to present them in a simplified manner.

Writing the main body

While writing the main body, keep the word count in your mind. Mention all the important facts associated with the topic. Write it in simple language, so that anybody can understand and read it properly. Use proverbs and quotes if possible, it doesn’t necessarily have to be from a famous personality; you can make up your own quote if you’re a little too familiar with the topic of discussion. It creates an impression on the reader. Be as precise and specific as possible.

Using figures of speech needs careful attention, as you may end up overdoing it, which may result in disinterest, and the reader may judge it like you are purposefully exaggerating stuff just to make it cause more impact on the minds of the readers. For example, hyperbole is an intended exaggeration and needs to be avoided in certain types of essays; inversely, using metaphor demonstrates your ability to relate things, which is a quality that every reader would choose to admire.

How to conclude the essay

Let’s say that you have successfully framed the thesis statement, then sustained the flow of information throughout the main body, and have performed¬†convincingly well, but failed to summarize the content into a short summary at the end of the essay. Apparently, the reader will lose his interest, and thus the whole point of writing the essay would be doubted upon. Even one bad part in your essay has the potential to diminish its value by a great extent. An improper conclusion can disappoint the reader, and all your efforts put into enhancing the writing will be deemed inadequate, just because of one small error. Those assessing your essays are highly experienced writers, and will come to spot the loopholes easier than we can imagine.

While writing the conclusion, you need to provide references to the points that you have mentioned earlier in the essay. This will help the reader to understand the purpose of the essay clearly, and integrate his deductions or assumptions in the same manner as you have done in the essay. Briefly summarize all the important points that you have mentioned in the main body of the essay, avoiding repetition of messages or words. How can this be done? Well, you simply need to dig deeper into the thoughts that you’ve put forth earlier, and pick those points that are close to forming a concrete conclusion.¬†Recollect all the main issues and explain the reader as to what your final opinion about the subject is. If the opinion is contradictory, try to justify your opinion. Remember not to introduce anything new at this stage as this is the final part of your essay, and bringing in new points to explore will result in incomplete parts.

Following the above tips will help you to write an essay systematically and will guide you successfully through the task of concluding the essay.


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  2. How to Write an Essay
  3. How to Write Analytical Essay
  4. How to Conclude a Report
  5. How to Write Argumentative Essay

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