How to Prevent Bird Flu

Bird flu or avian flu is spread from infected birds to humans. It mainly affects birds and is less common to humans. This infection is caused due to the influenza A virus. The influenza virus that is transmitted to humans and spread like epidemic from human-to-human is H5N1. You can prevent bird flu, if you follow proper hygiene and know how to prevent bird flu.

This disease is contracted to humans while handling dead birds; most of the times birds such as chickens and turkeys, which are domesticated by us. Here are some of the symptoms of bird flu.

Bird flu symptoms:

  • Some of the less severe symptoms of bird flu in humans include fever, muscle aches, sore throat and cough.
  • A person may also suffer from eye infections.
  • In severe cases symptoms such as acute respiratory distress, pneumonia and some other severe life-threatening symptoms are shown.

Preventing bird flu:

Precautions to be taken while handling domesticated birds:

  • People who are always in contact with birds need to follow proper hygiene.
  • Wear gloves while touching the birds.
  • The viruses that breed on the body of the body of the birds can harbor into your fingernails, so cut your fingernails regularly.
  • Do not touch any of your body parts or eatables with the contaminated hands. If you have touched animals with your hands, then get virus droplets on your hands and wash your hands properly.
  • These viruses can also enter through the mucus membrane of your eyes and nose and cause serious infection within less time, so wear masks while handling the birds.
  • If there are any dead animals in your poultry, ten bury them immediately. These viruses can easily spread through dead animals.
  • If you notice any symptoms of swine flu in the birds in your poultry, isolate them from other birds in the farm.
  • Vaccinate all the remaining birds in your farm after isolating the infected birds.
  • Taking a warm dip facial is recommended to eliminate the infection causing virus, from the nasal openings, eyes and facial tissues.
  • Personal hygiene and hygiene for the birds in the poultry is very important to prevent the infection of virus.
  • Bird flu vaccine is highly recommended for such people.

Hygiene for others:

Although this disease is rarely transmitted from one person to another, here are some precautionary measures that should be taken by every one of us to prevent bird flu.

  • Hygiene is very important in preventing bird flu. Wash your hands before touching any food items.
  • Wash utensils and meat properly before you start cooking. Especially, while cooking chicken, duck and turkey. Wash them in warm water.
  • Do not eat half-cooked food. If you are served undercooked meat in restaurants, ask for replacement. Make sure that you cook them until the juices run clear and the internal temperature of the meat reaches up to 165 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Eating raw eggs can also be dangerous, so avoid eating them. Boil the eggs properly before eating them.
  • Egg shells may also transmit the infection to you as they may contact with the feces of the birds, so limit contact with the egg shells. When you bring eggs to your house, wash them properly.
  • Wash the cutting boards, knives, kitchen surfaces and utensils properly before using them for cooking other eatables. If you don’t follow this practice you may cross contaminate the food.
  • Washing the hands with an antiseptic soap and warm water is the easiest way to prevent the spread of this disease.
  • If someone around you is infected by bird flu or has symptoms of bird flu, take him to the doctor immediately and provide medical help as early as possible.
  • People who travel to areas where bird flu is widespread, should avoid going to open air markets, overcrowded places, and avoid contact with infected people.
  • Getting vaccinated for bird flu is recommended for people who live in bird flu prevalent areas, and people travelling to such areas.

It has come to notice that about 90% of the people contracted with bird flu were unable to survive. Therefore, preventing this disease by taking necessary precautions using the tips that are give above is easier than curing this disease.


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