How to Prevent Colon Polyps

Colon Polyps are the fleshy mushroom or dome-shaped growths that are formed on the inner lining of the colon. Colon is the large intestine. These polyps are smaller in size or larger than a plum and sometimes turn benign. This is a dangerous disease that needs to be prevented. Knowing how to prevent colon polyps is very important, or else it can be life-threatening.

What causes colon polyps?

The exact cause of colon polyps is unknown, but it is seen that this disease is hereditary. People who have a family history of this disease are at greater risk of getting this disease. Some people may lack the genes that provide protection against colon polyps and, as a result of this their descendents too lack these genes and are susceptible to colon polyps.

Symptoms of colon polyps:

The symptoms of colon polyps are not shown unless the polyp is large enough. People may not even know that they have the polyp unless examined by doctor.

  • Blood in the stool and frequent bleeding from the anus. Blood in the stool can make the stool look black.
  • Difficulty passing stool and burning sensation in the stomach.
  • Diarrhea and constipation.

How to prevent colon polyps:

As colon polyps are a hereditary disorder, you may suffer from it even if you take precautions. However, these precautionary measures will help you lessen the risk of this disease.

  • People who had polyps earlier are at the risk of suffering from it later in life. Such people have to take extra precautions and make proper changes in their lifestyle by taking suggestions from the doctor.
  • Old age people who have crossed the age of 50 years are also at the risk of this disease. They have to go for regular check-ups. Seeking help from the doctors, they also have to get a planned diet.
  • Know your family history is necessary. If your father, mother or your siblings had suffered from this disease, then you might be the next target. Some people may also get colon cancer if their uncles, aunts or any distant relatives have had the disease. It will be helpful for you to understand the family history, so that you can be cautious.
  • Eat food that is low in dietary fats. Consuming such foods has a long term advantage over your life. These fats or lipids that are present in the food in the form or triglycerides, and do not get assimilated in the body easily. They stay saturated in the body for a long time and can be a serious problem to your health, affecting the digestive system.
  • Fats are more harmful if they are consumed in the form of saturated fats. Rich sources of such fats are dairy products like margarine, butter, red meat, turkey, beef, etc. Avoid consuming such food items.
  • If you think that, you may be deprived of certain essential nutrients if you avoid eating these food items, you can eat marine food and poultry. Such food items provide you the essential nutrients and also are low in dietary fats.
  • Over consumption of fats will make you overweight and you are physically less active. This will also create problems in your metabolism. If your bowel movements are not proper, lots of impurities remain in the body. This can put you at risk of colon cancer.
  • Include fiber rich food in your diet. Such food helps in better bowel movement and helps in flushing the toxic products from the body. A fiber rich diet is always recommended by the doctors to stay away from any kind of stomach related problems.
  • Lack of calcium in the body is also found to be one of the reasons for colon growths in the body. Therefore, include a diet rich in calcium such as milk, green leafy vegetables and sea food.
  • Folic acid or foliate is also helpful in prevention of colon polyps. If your body contains it in required amounts, it acts as a protection against the growth of colon polyps in the intestine.
  • Low levels of hormone estrogen in the body can also increase the risk of colon polyps. Women usually have this problem during menopause. Therefore, they have to make sure that their body has adequate amount of estrogen or else they should consider taking these hormones under doctors’ advice.
  • Smoking and alcohol induces many chemicals in the body. These chemicals can increase the risk of such cancerous tumors in the body. Long-term smokers and chain-smokers are found to be the common targets.

The preventive tips given above will serve as a helpful information in colon polyps prevention.

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