How to Prevent Frostbite

When your body is exposed to continuous cold temperatures, then there is a chance of having frostbites. For frostbites to occur the body temperature should fall below 32 degrees. When the temperature falls below this temperature, it only takes few minutes to make your skin frostbitten. In winters it is necessary that you prevent yourself from it by knowing how to prevent frostbite.

When the temperature falls below 0 degrees then almost all of us suffer from frostbites. Frost bites are common in your hands, feet, fingers and ears. Therefore, you need to take extra care of them.

Parts of the body that get frostbitten feel numb and hard and you may lose sensitivity in such areas of the body.  Such areas of the body become grayish white in color and appear waxy. If you do not provide any treatment to such areas for a long time then the symptoms worsen.

In worse cases a person may experience chronic pain that may last for many years and the part of the body or the tissues of that part are damaged permanently.

Tips to prevent frostbite:

  • To prevent frostbites, make sure that you cloth well in winters. Wear woolen clothes to keep your body warm. Woolen clothes are much warmer as compared to other fabrics.
  • Wear gloves and socks made of wool. Make sure that you keep most of your body covered.
  • If you expose your body to the cold atmosphere, then they get cold easily and increase the risk of frostbites.
  • Use heaters in your house to increase the temperature during extremely cold conditions, wherein your woolen clothes fail to give you protection from the cold.
  • Avoid going out in the cold for a long period. If you are about to go out in cold then make sure that you dress appropriately and wear leather shoes that cover your feet completely.
  • Thermal injuries are more in people who are addicted to alcohol, nicotine and caffeine. People who are addicted to alcohol, cigarettes and beverages such as coffee and tea should limit their consumption.
  • Do not keep your body wet. If your clothes get wet, then remove them immediately and wear dry, clean clothes.
  • If you notice any signs and symptoms of frostbite even after doing the above things, then wear multiple layers of clothes.
  • People who are in the old age are at high risk of getting frostbitten. They should be observed keenly and need extra care.
  • Avoid contact with water as much as possible.
  • If you want to use water for cleaning or washing, Heat it and use it. Avoid using cold water.

Care for frostbitten areas of the body:

  • Avoid doing anything that will further increase damage to the frostbitten area of the body.
  • Rubbing the frostbitten area with your hands or anything else will worsen the condition, so avoid doing this to the frostbitten area.
  • Try to give warmth to your body. You can do this by having a sip of tea, but be careful, as over consumption of caffeine can worsen the condition, so avoid coffee as it is very high in caffeine.
  • Try to maintain constant temperatures. If you have provided warmth to your body, then do not expose it to cold conditions immediately. These sudden fluctuations in the temperature can also lead to frostbite.
  • You can also provide warmth to such areas by immersing them for some time in warm water. Soak the affected areas for 20 to 25 minutes in warm water. After some time you will notice that the numbness in the affected area has vanished.
  • Heating pads, lamps and radiators should be strictly avoided to heat the frostbitten areas.

The tips given above will surely help you in preventing frostbites and reduce the numbness caused to the frostbitten areas. Try them this winter.

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