How to Prevent Hepatitis

Hepatitis is characterized by inflammation of the liver that is classified into many types such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, etc. This classification is done on the basis of the sources of causes and symptoms of the disease. Know how to prevent hepatitis and take some effective and necessary steps to reduce the health hazards of hepatitis.

The causes of hepatitis are mostly related to poor hygiene. It is caused when some of the viruses enter into your body through direct contact with the blood or body fluids.

Symptoms of hepatitis:

  • If a person is suffering from hepatitis, then he may show certain symptoms like joint ache, fever, diarrhea, etc.
  • The most common symptoms that are shown at later stages, and which are distinctive symptoms of hepatitis are yellowing of eyes, urine and the skin.
  • A person may also have abdominal discomfort during hepatitis.

Preventive measures for hepatitis:

The preventive measures for all the types of hepatitis are more or less similar. However, all types of hepatitis can be prevented by proper vaccination that develops immunity in the body against the viruses that cause hepatitis. Below are the preventive measures for hepatitis depending on their types.

Preventing hepatitis A:

  • The virus causing hepatitis A is mostly contracted through food and water. Therefore, proper hygiene is very important in this case.
  • Drink filtered water that is free from any kind of germs and viruses. Make sure that the water which you are getting in your house is filtered properly.
  • If you are travelling, then use only commercially bottled water that is sealed properly.
  • Boiling the water before drinking is also helpful in killing the viruses that cause hepatitis.
  • Wash your hands properly before touching any food items and after using the toilet.
  • Follow proper sanitation in and around your house.
  • Eat food that is cooked well and is fresh.

Preventing hepatitis B:

  • Unlike hepatitis A, hepatitis B virus is not contaminated through water and food; it is caused due to the direct contact of blood or other fluids of an infected person.
  • If you have been infected by the hepatitis B virus, then you should let your partner know about it and avoid unprotected sexual contact with your partner.
  • If a mother is infected by hepatitis B, then she may transfer the viruses to her child during birth. Both mother and child should be vaccinated against the hepatitis B virus.
  • There are vaccines available for the newborn babies that protect the child from these viral infections.
  • Use of contaminated syringes also leads to the transmission of virus directly into the blood. Make sure that your doctor uses new and sterilized syringes while giving injections, taking blood for examination, etc.
  • You should also avoid sharing razors and piercing equipments with others.
  • During blood transfusion, test the blood for any virus that can be hazardous to your health.

Preventing hepatitis C:

  • Hepatitis C is also spread through the blood and other body fluids like hepatitis B. Therefore, the preventive measures for hepatitis C are similar to those of hepatitis B.
  • The symptoms caused due to hepatitis C are very serious. These symptoms include scarring of the liver that can further damage the liver and invite life threatening diseases like liver cancer, esophageal varices, etc.

Preventing hepatitis D:

  • There are very rare cases of hepatitis D, as the virus causing hepatitis D is inactive unless a person is infected by the hepatitis B virus.
  • Therefore, to prevent hepatitis D, you should take necessary steps to prevent infection of hepatitis B virus.
  • Even if you are infected from hepatitis B you should take proper medication on time such that the disease is cured as early as possible and does not increase the risk of any other viruses such as HDV.

Preventing hepatitis E:

  • Hepatitis E is also spread through food and water; therefore, you need to follow proper hygiene to prevent hepatitis E.

There are two more types of hepatitis such as alcoholic hepatitis and toxic hepatitis. Alcoholic hepatitis is caused because of the toxins that are present in the alcohol. Toxic hepatitis is caused due to induced toxins in the body in the form of drugs and chemicals. You can prevent them by reducing the consumption of alcohol and avoid intake of toxins.

Hepatitis could lead to mortality if proper medical help is not provided to the patient on time. Therefore, take the necessary precautionary measures given above to prevent it.


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