How to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are transmitted when we come into contact with contaminated food, body fluids, inhalation of polluted air, etc. Infectious diseases are also called as communicable diseases or transmissible diseases. The symptoms of the disease vary according to the type of infection caused and the severity of the infection. To know how to prevent infectious diseases, it is important that you know the symptoms and modes of transmission.

Infectious diseases are spread through pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. These diseases are highly contagious, but if you recognize the symptoms such as fever, headache, sinus, weakness, etc at an early stage, it will be helpful for you to prevent the spread of the disease.

How to prevent infectious disease:

Improve immunity:

  • Pathogens mostly attack people with weak immunity. To improve immunity, make sure that you get updated immunization vaccines that will boost your immunity.
  • These vaccines act as a shield and provide protection against infections and diseases.
  • Better immunity is a sign of good health. Having a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle will also help you in having a good immunity.
  • Especially, people who live in epidemic prone areas should be vaccinated periodically.
  • Government should implement plans and provide vaccines free of cost for children.
  • If you are travelling to any areas, where there is a threat of the disease, then take vaccinations to make yourself immune against those diseases.
  • Avoid consumption of alcohol and smoking cigarette as it will damage the tissues of the body and affect the immunity adversely.

Use antiseptics and antibiotics:

  • Wash your hands frequently with antiseptic soaps and water whenever you touch any contaminated object.
  • Ask your children to wash hands before they have their meals and after meals too.
  • Whenever you use urinals, do not forget to wash your hands with an antiseptic.
  • Keep your living space clean and maintain hygiene in the kitchen while cooking food.
  • Wash your hands even after sneezing, coughing, changing diaper, handling a sick person, handling pets, etc.
  • Always keep antibiotics with you. Whenever you notice any symptoms of disease, use them as a primary medication. Take suggestion from your family doctor for this.
  • Report your doctor if the infection is getting worse or is not getting better even after taking the prescribed antibiotics.

Choose your food carefully:

  • Buy vegetables and fruits from places that are clean and hygienic.
  • Do not buy eatables from street vendors which are not covered properly.
  • While eating food, make sure that you cook the food well. Undercooked food, especially meat contains many bacteria within them, which can cause infection if you consume such food. Cook meat until the juices run down.
  • Avoid eating food available in packets. If you eat such food, look for the manufacturing date on the packets, and then buy.
  • Even if you eat in restaurants, make sure that the food is cooked properly, if not, ask for replacement.
  • Make sure that you store the food at proper temperatures. Keep hot food hot and cold food cold.
  • Set the temperature within the refrigerators properly and before consuming the stored food bring them to appropriate temperatures.
  • Wash vegetables, cooking counter, choppers and utensils used for cooking properly.
  • If flies or mosquitoes land on food, do not consume such food as the feces of these insects contaminates the food.
  • Use soap and hot water to wash the cooking counter, after cooking poultry and red meat.

Handle pets carefully:

  • Wash your hands properly after you have handled pets; pets contain infectious ticks, mites and bacteria that can cause serious infection to humans.
  • Vaccinate your pets regularly and make sure that they are not carrying any kind of infection.
  • Look at their hygiene as well. Bath them regularly using antiseptics and keep them away from dirty and untidy places. Clean their food plates and bowls regularly.
  • Stay away from street dogs. If there are any dead or infected animals near your house report it to the respective authorities.
  • If you are bitten by pets, report it to the doctor immediately and get the wound treated as early as possible.

Other precautions:

  • Avoid unsafe and unprotected sex. Use protection in the form of condoms.
  • Use skin repellents to protect yourself from mosquito bites, tick bites and mite bites.
  • Use repellents and pesticides to kill the rodents and parasites present in your kitchen and house.
  • Make sure that the water you are drinking is passed through a proper purification process. Water borne infectious diseases are more common in developing and undeveloped countries.
  • Boil the water properly before you drink it to kill all the live bacteria from it.
  • Use facial mask if there is any kind of epidemic in your area and also while visiting the hospital.
  • Seal the windows properly with grids so that the mosquitoes and other insects do not enter your house at night. Spray repellents in your house at night.

It is almost impossible to cure some of the infectious diseases such as AIDS, HPV and Syphilis that are SID, so it is better to take preventive measures for them on time and avoid them. Other infectious disease like malaria, hepatitis, cholera, plague etc also cannot be cured if they get worse, and can be life-threatening.

Related Content:

  1. How to Prevent Salmonella
  2. How to Prevent Lyme Disease
  3. How to Prevent Rabies
  4. How to Prevent E. coli
  5. How to Prevent Cholera

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