How to Prevent Mono

Mono or mononucleosis is an infectious disease, and is contagious. Mono is also called ‘kissing disease’ as it is transmitted through orally. Small children and young adults are the common victims of this disease. This infection is caused due to EBV or Epstein-Barr virus. You can prevent mono by proper hygiene if you know how to prevent mono.

Symptoms of mono:

In children, there are very few symptoms. These symptoms are not much different from the symptoms that are shown in any other infectious disease (in children as well as in adults). Some of the symptoms are as listed below.

  • Fatigue, weight loss, fever are the most common symptoms noticed in the infected person.
  • Some of the distinguishing symptoms of mono are inflammation in the pharynx, enlargement in lymph nodes, bursting of red blood cells, and enlargement of spleen.
  • In severe cases, the patient may suffer from nausea, hepatitis, jaundice, etc.

How to prevent mono:

  • A patient showing any of the symptoms should be taken for medical examination immediately. Blood test to know the count of cells in the body and the size of the lymphocytes, help in diagnosing the disease. Proper treatment should be followed when the disease is diagnosed or else it can be dangerous to your life.
  • This virus can weaken your immune system that can be fatal, making your body susceptible to many diseases.
  • Keep infected people away from others and avoid contact with their mouth. This infection is highly contagious and can spread easily from one person to another.
  • Do not share your eatables, drinks and utensils with the infected person.  Especially, plates, spoons and forks that come in contact with the mouth of the infected person should be kept away from others.
  • While coughing and sneezing, ask the infected person to cover his/her mouth with a tissue, and dispose it immediately in sealed garbage bins.
  • Wash your hands properly with an antiseptic soap after you have handled an infected person or any of his belongings.
  • Follow proper hygiene in your house and proper personal hygiene. Stay clean, that will help you stay healthy.
  • Boost your immune system so that your body is less susceptible to infectious diseases and viruses present in the atmosphere. A nutritious diet and regular exercise are the keys to boost your immune system and develop resistance against many infectious viruses and bacteria.
  • Reduce stress; increased stress will impair your immune system.
  • Avoid sexual contact and kissing someone who is infected.
  • Do not allow anyone to hold your children close to them for a long time and kiss them.
  • Keep your kitchen clean and avoid touching food with unwashed, contaminated hands.
  • This virus is spread orally, so oral hygiene is very important in this case.
  • Brush your teeth properly and regularly, and do not insert objects such as pens, used toothpicks, etc in your mouth. If you have a habit of biting your nails, you need to get rid of it.
  • Gargle regularly and drink plenty of fluids.
  • If you have sore throat, gargle with warm water to cure it. Presence of any previous infection in the mouth can increase the risk of mono.

The tips and suggestions given above will help you in preventing mono.

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