How to Prevent Polio

Polio is an infectious disease that is spread through virus. The virus causing polio is rarely transmitted from one person to another. This infectious disease shows no symptoms in most of the cases. It can be prevented by vaccination, which is given at a young age. Some suggestions will be helpful for you to know how to prevent polio.

The vaccination of polio is recommended to children all over the world by WHO and is available free of cost. This disease doesn’t show any symptoms, unless the virus enters the blood stream. It affects the CNS and causes partial or complete paralysis. It is also called as poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis.

There are basically three types of infections of polio, such as subclinical infection, nonparalytic poliomyelitis and paralytic poliomyelitis. The symptoms also vary, largely depending upon the type of infection. Some of the common symptoms include fever, headache, rashes on the body, muscle aches, vomiting, etc.

Tips to prevent polio:

  • Polio prevention is possible through vaccination. Polio vaccines come in shots and oral vaccines.
  • The vaccine that is given as a shot is called inactivated polio vaccine, and the other one is the oral polio vaccine.
  • This vaccine should be given to small children of the age group of 18 months to 1 year. This vaccination is effective in 90% of the cases, in some cases even the vaccinated child suffers from polio.
  • If your child is unwell, suffering from fever, cough and cold, has rashes on the body then do get your child vaccinated. An unhealthy child may respond adversely to the polio vaccine, and increase the risk of polio infection.
  • If your child shows any of the symptoms shown in polio infected children, he or she should be given immediate medical help. There are diagnostic techniques that can be used to detect whether your child is at risk.
  • The diagnostic techniques used in polio detection are routine CSF examination, viral cultures of throat washings, CSF or stools and testing levels of antibodies to the polio virus.
  • Symptoms that are shown in the early stage of polio can be prevented by using heating pads, antibiotics, pain killers and physical therapy. Physical therapy using corrective braces help strengthen the affected muscles of the body and reduce the symptoms.
  • Some people also opt for surgery to prevent polio. It is expensive, but recovery is not sure in this case too.
  • A healthy child is less affected by this disease, so make sure that your child gets enough nutrients so that his circulatory system, respiratory system and nervous system, etc function well.
  • Contact with the stool of an infected child will also contract the bacteria to you, so avoid contact with the infected stool.

Disability and fatal death is common among people suffering from polio; therefore, it is always safe to take necessary precautions to prevent your child from the disease following the suggestions given above.

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