How to Take Care of Dreadlocks

Dreadlocks have always been associated with the reggae music and the heavy metal bands since a long time. Nowadays there are many people including kids and models sporting this hairstyle. They will have this hairstyle in different colors, lengths and variations. Dreadlocks will always grow in stages, and it will take nearly six months for the dreadlocks to mature. They look fabulous, but you must know how to take care of dreadlocks.

Here are some simple steps on how to take care of dreadlocks.

  • Start with washing your hair, leave it uncombed so that it gets well knotted. After your first wash, you will have to wait for at least one or two weeks and meanwhile continue to palm-roll your dreadlock. After this waiting period, wash your hair only once in a week. However, make sure that you wear a shower cap the remaining six days whenever you are having a bath.
  • After the first six weeks of locking up, sit down and check the locks after every couple of days, just to make sure that are holding well together. If you notice that some are falling apart, twist, backcomb or use a little wax to get your hair back in the line. Whenever you are applying wax always remember that less is more. Use your judgment and apply wax as much required, but make sure that you don’t use it in excess. 
  • Once you have applied wax on your head, you will feel a little sticky and tacky up there. However, as your dreads start maturing and they are not soft anymore, they will start drying out a lot. Once they start forming in normal locks, which will happen anywhere between two to six months, then you can start using the wax less frequently. If you notice that over time, the hair is falling loose, then use very little wax to put them back in the main lock and occasional grooming will work fine.
  • Once you reach the stage of maturity, the wax will last for only a day. You will still have to use comb for backcombing the loose hair back in place. If this does not help, then you can use a tightening gel for increasing the lock-acceleration or simply palm rolling. Try whatever method works best for your hair. However, always remember that you must never use wax on wet dreadlocks. Doing this will seal the moisture on the inside. This will result in the growth of mildew and mold growing in your dreadlocks.
  • You can apply gel on wet or damp hair or you can mix it with water in a proportion of 1:3 and spray this on the dry locks for some tightened locks. Try this method twice in a week or use very little gel on the damp hair and dry them properly.
  • A good way to sleep after you have just waxed your hair is either on an old pillowcase or pinning an old towel on the pillow. If you have long hair, then you will have to tie them or wrap your hair in nylon stocking to keep them away from your face when you are sleeping. This will also avoid them to rub against one another and will make them less frizzy.
  • Anytime you think that your dreadlocks are dirty, just go ahead and wash them. If you have just used a wax then do not wash your hair for the next one week. After a week, you will not have anything to worry about. Once you have washed your hair, you can easily re-wax your hair again to put them back in place. Remember that washing them regularly will help them to develop faster, as washing will remove the natural oils from your hair, which causes the new knots to slip out.
  • Whenever you have a hair wash, make sure that you give your scalp a nice scrub. Always remember that you must never use the normal shampoos available at the drug store, as they will detangle and soften your hair and not knot them up. Do not bother about washing your dreads, as the soap water running down them will clean them properly. Make sure that your scalp is clean because that is the most important part in dreadlocks maintenance.
  • Another important part in dreadlock maintenance is drying them. After you have washed your hair, gently squeeze the dreads in towel, or they will stand up and destroy your look. Another method to remove all the extra water is head-banging to one of your favorite tunes. Use any method, but make sure that your dreads are completely dry after every wash. If you wash them or swim frequently and fail to dry them properly, they will start smelling musty. Mildew will actually start growing if you always leave them damp. Make sure that you wear a hat whenever you are cleaning anything, because you don’t want your hair to stink.

Dreadlocks can look healthy and good if you pay attention and take good care of them. Visiting the salon for professional maintenance will cost a lot. Doing it yourself will mean putting in a lot of efforts, but it will be worth it.

How to Take Care of a Parrot

If you wish to buy a pet bird for your home, then the best choice will be parrot. You ca easily teach him how to talk and they will be the best companion for the entire family. They are beautiful birds with colorful feathers and this can brighten your home. However, you will have to show a strong level of commitment towards your parrot because you will have to give daily and weekly maintenance and attention as well. Here are some simple steps on how to take care of a parrot.

Things Required:

  • Cage
  • Parrot stand
  • Newspaper or wood shavings
  • Cuttlebone
  • Fresh water
  • Parrot food
  • Vegetables and fruits

Steps:

  • First, before you get a parrot ask yourself, is the parrot the right pet for you? There are various kinds of parrots, so you will have to find out, which one will be the best for you. Moreover, you will have to make sure that the parrot is the perfect choice for your home.
  • Remember that parrots have a long life span, so you will have to be sure that you are prepared to make a long-term commitment for your pet. Everyday you will have to spend at least two hours with your pet. This is a lot, and you will also have to make sure that you have enough time for a new bird in your life. A bird, which is left on its own, will start developing behavioral issues. Remember that parrots are not ‘show pets’, which you can use to impress your friends and neighbors. They will need real work every single day.
  • Once you have chosen a healthy parrot for yourself to bring home, you will have to get the right equipment for your parrot as well. A cage is the most important thing for your bird, so make sure that you get the right one. You will have to get a cage, which will let your bird sit on the perch without rubbing on the sides and where you can place toys on the bottom of the cage. The bird must have plenty of space for stretching and spreading its wings. Remember that you will have to get a large cage because parrots are large birds.
  • Invest some money in a good parrot stand. Most of the parrots will like their daily fly in and around the house and will require a perch for resting. Remember that you must line the cage with wood shavings or newspaper and get some natural branches, which are left untreated. Toys are always interesting, but always make sure that you get toys, which are specially made for parrots.
  • Set your parrot in a warm and sunny room which is free from toxic smells. Remember that parrots are very demanding so be prepared for that. Feed your parrot some pellets made for them or give them fresh vegetables and fruits regularly. They love oranges, apples, sweet potatoes and carrots. Give fresh water to your parrot everyday and you can mix minerals and vitamins in the water as well. A small piece of cuttlebone will keep the beak of your parrot well maintained and remember that always get wing clipping done from a professional.
  • Your parrot will love his baths after every two-three days. Put the bath inside the cage and allow your parrot to get wet. For this, you will not need any chemicals or soap; just some lukewarm water will be fine. Caring for your parrot will become easier with time. If you give proper care to your bird, then he will give you a lifetime of companionship and entertainment.

Now you know ways to care for your parrot. However, before you get a parrot make sure that you do your research carefully.

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How to Prevent Flu


Flu is also called influenza, which is an infection caused due to the virus present in the air. The virus that causes flu is RNA virus. Flu can be easily cured if you start the treatment at early stage. A person suffering from flu shows symptoms like sore throat, headache, cold, fever, etc. This article on how to prevent flu gives you simple tips on preventing flu.

If the flu persists in your body for longer period then it can weaken your immune system and invite some other diseases. The infection from the virus causing flu can be spread through both air and contaminated surfaces. Some forms of the flu are life threatening, so it is always better to prevent the flu before it causes any serious damage to your health.

Here are some of the tips that will help you in preventing flu.

Proper hygiene:

  • Poor hygiene is one of the major reasons for flu. Wash your hands regularly with alcohol based disinfectant soap.
  • Do not cover you mouth and nose with your hands while coughing and sneezing. Use a tissue or a handkerchief to cover your mouth. If you are using a tissue to cover your mouth then dispose it in a dustbin immediately after using; don’t throw it anywhere else. Use a clean handkerchief; wash it regularly.
  • Before touching any food items wash your hands cleanly using soap and water. Wash the food items before using them for cooking as flu can easily spread through contaminated food.
  • Keep your surroundings clean. Dispose the garbage in the garbage bins only. Viruses breed mostly in unhygienic, dirty places, so clean your house frequently. Change your cushions and bed covers regularly.
  • If there is still water accumulated in the pits nearby your house then clean it immediately. Still and stagnant water provides favorable conditions for viral growth.
  • Avoid touching your face frequently with your hands. People mostly get flu due to this reason as the viruses responsible for flu mostly enter in the body through eyes, nose and mouth. If you have touched any contaminated object with your hand then it can cause infection to you.
  • Do not stay in close contact with people who are suffering from cold. The viruses and germs responsible for cold can get transmitted easily to you from such people.
  • If anyone in your house is suffering from flu then give proper treatment to them. Consult your family doctor immediately if you notice any symptoms of flu and take proper medical care.
  • Do not share food and other belongings with people who are suffering from flu.

Drink plenty of fluids:

  • Fluids are very essential to rehydrate your body. They help in purification of the blood and flush out all the toxins out of your body.
  • If your body doesn’t get sufficient amount of fluids then it can invite many diseases including flu.
  • If the color of your urine changes from clear white to dark yellow then it indicates that you are not getting sufficient amounts of fluids.
  • Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water which contributes up to 2 to 2.5 liters daily.
  • Fluids in the form of fruit and vegetable juices are also very helpful for your body. They get assimilated easily in your body and provide all the essential nutrients to you.

Don’t smoke and don’t drink:

  • Smoking and drinking impairs your immune system and makes your body susceptible to many diseases.
  • If you are a smoker or consume alcohol in excess then a lot of harmful chemicals are injected in your body. This increases the risk of flu.

Exercise regularly:

  • Exercising regularly will help in increasing your immunity. Exercising does not mean that you have to go to the gym and do heavy work outs. You can do simple exercises such as swimming, jogging, yoga, aerobics and skipping.
  • Going for a walk early in the morning is the best exercise. It will also give plenty of fresh air to your lungs that will contribute to your heath and increase your immunity.
  • A strong immune system is very essential to fight against any type of diseases.

Eat fresh fruits and vegetables:

  • Fresh fruits and vegetable are very important for your body. They will add a lot of natural nutrients to your diet.
  • Do not depend upon alternative supplements to meet the requirements of your body. These supplements are not utilized by your body completely.
  • Nutrients supplied to your body through fresh fruits and vegetables are synthesized by the body easily and completely.

Vaccination:

  • There are many vaccines that will give you protection against flu.
  • If you are about to visit a region that has high risk of flu hen take proper vaccines as a preventive measure.
  • If you are pregnant then take proper suggestion from your doctor before taking any such vaccine.

The preventive measures for preventing flu given above are very helpful in avoiding flu.

How to Prevent Breakouts

Skin breakouts often result after waxing, when you have acne and before menstruation. There are a variety of reasons that could result in skin breakouts. They are the inflamed miniature red spots. You can do little things given in this article on how to prevent breakouts to prevent these breakouts. These breakouts can further lead to ingrown hairs. Therefore, you should take proper care of your skin to prevent them.

Here are some of the tips that will help you in preventing breakouts after waxing, breakouts due to acne and breakouts before menstruation.

Preventing breakouts after waxing:

  • It is very essential that you exfoliate your skin properly before and after waxing. If your skin is not exfoliated properly then it could trigger the factors for breakouts. You can massage your skin using oil or moisturizer to make it soft.
  • Wash your skin properly with water before waxing and after waxing. This will help in keeping your skin moist.
  • Apply baby powder or any mild talcum powder before and after waxing to prevent breakouts.
  • Applying ice to the waxed area will help in closing the pores after waxing and reduce the chances of breakouts.
  • After applying ice to close the pores apply hydrocortisone cream. It is very helpful in preventing breakouts and redness of the skin after waxing.
  • Apply aloe vera and tea tree oil immediately after waxing. This will help in making the skin soft and also help in preventing the breakouts. Repeat this process at least for 4 to 5 days. This will help replenish the lost moisture within your skin after waxing.
  • Do not wax the areas that have cuts and sores.
  • Exfoliate your skin regularly after waxing so that you can prevent ingrown hairs and prevent the dirt from getting accumulated in the skin.

Prevent breakouts due to acne:

Acne breakouts are very common and most of us have dealt with it at some or the other point. Here are some of the essential tips that will help you in preventing breakouts from acne.

  • Do not pop-up or squeeze your pimples with hand as it could aggravate the process of causing breakouts from the pimples.
  • Wash your hands cleanly before touching your face. Before washing your face wash your hands with the soap and then wash your face with the disinfectant soap.
  • Using benzoyl peroxide on acne will also help you in preventing breakouts from acne. Benzoyl peroxide is the best face wash for the skin that is prone to have acne.
  • Drink lots of water, this will help you in hydrating your skin properly. Drinking water will also help you in flushing out the toxins out of the body.
  • Do not sleep with cosmetics on your face. They may trigger the formation of acne on your face.
  • Wash your pillow covers and bed covers frequently. Dirty pillow covers and bed covers could be a reason for the acne breakouts.
  • Use clean brushes for make-up.
  • Wash your face frequently. Do not allow the dirt to accumulate on your face for a longer time. If the dirt sits on your face for time it can increase the risk of acne breakouts.
  • Applying aloe vera gel on the face will also help you in preventing acne. Aloe vera has many antibacterial properties that will also help in killing the bacteria responsible for causing acne and help in moisturizing the skin and prevent breakouts.
  • Crush a tablet of aspirin in a bowl and add two to three drops of lemon juice to it. Apply this mixture to the area of your skin that is affected by acne. Aspirin contains acetylsalicylic acid that is very helpful in washing out the pimples quickly and preventing breakouts.
  • Select cosmetics for your skin carefully. You can take help of an experienced dermatologist for selecting the cosmetics that are best suited for your skin.

Preventing acne breakouts before menstruation:

At the time of menstruation there are many hormonal changes within your body. This is the main reason for the acne breakouts during this period. During periods the secretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands is excessive. This makes the skin oily leading to acne breakouts. Here are some tips that will help you in preventing acne breakouts before menstruation.

  • Use facial masks during this period if you feel that your skin is turning too oily.
  • Keep your skin clean during this period. Wash it at least thrice a day. Use a proper cleanser to clean your face such that the blocked pores of your skin are unblocked. This will help your skin breathe.
  • Do not take excessive stress. Try to relax. Exercises such as yoga, meditation, walking and jogging will help your body relax.
  • Do not take body massages, do not visit saunas or undergo cleansing procedures during menstruation.
  • Avoid consumption of excessive oily food. This will increase the oiliness of your skin and aggravate the acne breakout problem.

The tips given above are very helpful in preventing breakouts. Follow them and get a clean blemish free skin.

How to Prevent Bladder Infection

Bladder infection which is also called cystitis causes burning sensation due to bacterial infection in the bladder. Bladder infection is more common in women as compared to men. This bacterial infection can be a result of poor hygiene. Most of the bacterial infections to bladder need to be prevented using drugs. People who suffer from frequent bladder infection should use the preventive measures given in this article on how to prevent bladder infection.

Before knowing the preventive measures for bladder infection let us know the symptoms of bladder infection.

  • If you are having a painful sensation in the urinary tract while urinating then it indicates that you have bladder infection.
  • Pressure in lower pelvis and urge to urinate frequently is also one of the symptoms of bladder infection.
  • In severe cases, you many notice blood in the urine, urine mixed with discharged mucus material from the urethra and severe pain during sexual intercourse.

The causes of bladder infection in men and women are different. Let us know these causes.

Causes of bladder infection in men:

  • Men are affected by bladder infection due to the recurrent bacterial infection of the prostate. This infection originates in the urethra that gradually moves into the prostate.
  • This infection can be cured using the antibiotics but most of the times these antibiotics do not cure the infection completely.

Causes of bladder infection in women:

There are many reasons that can cause bladder infection in women.

  • Short length of urethra
  • Closeness of urethra to the vagina
  • Abnormal connection between the vagina and bladder.
  • Decrease in estrogen production
  • Pregnancy also increases the risk of bladder infection.
  • Use of diaphragm for prolonged period

How to prevent bladder infection:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids is very essential to avoid bladder infections. Drink lots of water so that all the toxins from your body are flushed out. If the level of toxins within your urine increase and your urine is not diluted by water then it could lead to bladder infection or cystitis.
  • Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. This will help in diluting your urine and cleaning the bladder.
  • Do not hold your urine for a long time. Whenever you have the sensation of urinating, go and urinate first. Holding the urine in the bladder for long time could increase the bacterial infection, promoting the growth of bacteria.
  • Whenever you go for urinating make sure that you empty your bladder completely. If you hold some urine in the bladder it will increase the risk of bacterial infection.
  • Fruit juices are also very helpful in cleansing the body. They help in acidifying the urine. If your urine is more acidic it will kill the harmful bacteria responsible for causing bladder infection.
  • Fruit juices such as cranberry, orange and grape are very helpful in acidifying the urine and you should try to drink them in plenty.
  • Proper hygiene is also very essential to prevent any kind of bladder infection. If you are not following proper hygiene then you are probably at a high risk of having bladder infections.
  • Clean your genitals regularly after using the toilet. Keep your toilets clean. After using the toilet wash your hands with disinfectant soap so that you don’t spread the infection to others.
  • Bath soaps and bath bubbles irritate the skin and this increases the risk of infection. If the skin gets irritated, the bacteria can attack the skin easily and enter your bladder through your genitals.
  • For women it is very essential that they change their pads regularly during menstruation. Using the same pad for long period can irritate the skin and increase the risk of infection. This will also create dirty odor and favorable conditions for bacterial growth.
  • Some foods such as parsley, celery and watermelon are very helpful in flushing your urinary system. They are the best natural diuretics which help in flushing the urine properly form the bladder and help in reducing the infection.
  • Vitamin C is very helpful in fighting against most of the bacteria. Vitamin C should be consumed in excess in its natural forms. Lemon and Indian gooseberry are the best natural sources of vitamin C.
  • Avoid using tight clothes that are not porous. Loose fitted clothes will help in blowing the air in and out and reduce the infection.
  • Women who have frequent bladder infection should check their estrogen levels and if they are using diaphragms since long time, it should be told to the doctor.

The tips given above are very helpful in preventing bladder infection for both men as well as women. Try to put them into habit.

How to Prevent Autism

Autism is a condition in which the normal stages of development of brain are affected. It is usually seen in infants in the first three years of development. In this condition the normal social and communication skills of an individual are affected. The exact causes of autism are still unknown. This article on how to prevent autism gives you some suggestions on preventing autism.

Alternative name for autism is pervasive developmental disorder. Genetic factors are the most important factors responsible for this disease. Children suffering from autism have abnormalities in speech, chromosomal abnormalities and they are also found to suffer from neurological problems.

Studies reveled that identical twins are at high risk of having autism. You can take certain preventive measures so that you can prevent your child from autism. Here are the preventive measures for autism.

Eat organic food:

  • Pregnant women should include lots of fresh and natural food in the form of fruits and vegetables in their diet.
  • It is very essential that your baby gets all the essential nutrients in their natural forms so that it is healthy enough. A healthy baby is less prone to have autism.
  • The diet of pregnant woman should contain at least 180 grams of protein. Your child should not be deprived of any essential nutrients.
  • Include high quality chicken, turkey, nuts, eggs, etc in your diet.

Breast feed your babies:

  • Breast feed your child as long as possible. Breast feeding your child is the best natural way to prevent your child from any kind of illness.
  • Mother’s milk contains all the necessary nutrients that are needed by the child in the initial stages of development.
  • If your child is deprived of these essential nutrients then there may be the probability of developing autism in the child.
  • It is essential that you breast feed your baby for at least one year.

Don’t take excessive antibiotics when pregnant:

  • Taking antibiotics when pregnant could lead to adverse impacts on the fetus. Don’t take long-term antibiotic treatment as the antibiotics kill some of the useful bacteria along with the harmful bacteria.
  • Antibiotics should not be given to children as well. In case of certain unavoidable cases, treatment of antibiotics should be preceded by probiotics at least for two weeks.

Bond with your baby:

  • It is very essential that you bond with your baby.
  • Try to interact with your baby, play with him and talk with him. Don’t make him feel lonely. This is very essential for the proper physical and mental development of your baby.
  • Do not leave your baby alone in the night. Co-sleeping with your baby should be practiced.

Avoid exposure to mercury:

  • Women who are exposed to mercury when pregnant develop the risk of autism in their children.
  • It generally seen that most of the dental treatments make use of mercury. Dental fillings are made of mercury. Women should delay any such dental treatments while they are carrying.
  • It also advised that if pregnant women have any such mercury dental fillings, they should be removed during pregnancy.
  • The mercury present in your tooth can enter your body which could bring abnormal changes within your baby later on.
  • If you consume fish then make sure that the fish does not contain residues of mercury within it. It is mostly seen that large fishes contain mercury, so minimize consumption of such fishes when pregnant.

Consume vitamin D:

  • Vitamin D is a very essential source of vitamin for the proper development of your child. Early exposure to sun rays is the best natural source of vitamin D.
  • You can also take vitamin D in the form of supplements if necessary. Add adequate amounts of vitamin D3 in your diet through supplements if necessary.

Avoid exposure to harmful radiations:

  • It is observed that televisions, computers and cell phones emit harmful radiations which can trigger the factors responsible for autism, so exposure to such radiations should be avoided or at least minimized.
  • Do not keep these appliances in your bedroom.
  • Limit use of cell phones. Cell phones also emit infra red radiations which can penetrate through any object. They can easily penetrate your body and induce harmful changes in your child while it is still growing.
  • Use your cell phones only when necessary. Do not keep them near your bed.

Avoid intrusive procedures:

  • Do not opt for intrusive procedures such as pitocin, epidurals, forceps, pain meds and C-section during labor.
  • Mothers who opt for cesarean put their children at the risk of autism.
  • Neurological function of the child is enhanced if it passes naturally through the birth canal, so do not go for cesarean unless it is necessary.

The preventive measures given in this article are very helpful in protecting your child form autism which is otherwise impossible to treat in most of the cases.

How to Calculate Force

Fore is a physical quantity that is responsible for causing a change in the speed, change in the direction and change in the dimensions of the free body. This article on how to calculate force will help you in calculating the force on the body using Newton’s formula and centripetal force.

There are many forms of force such as, centripetal force, gravitational force, force of friction, centrifugal force, etc. The net force acting on a body is inversely proportional to the mass of the body.

The basic formula for calculating force exerted on any body is derived from Newton’s second law. As per Newton’s second law of motion the formula for calculating force is given as,

F = m × a

In the above formula,

  • “m” is the mass of the body
  • “a” is the acceleration produced within the body when a force “F” is exerted on it.
  • Newton’s second law of motion states that force is the push that causes the object of mass “m” to change its velocity (accelerate).
  • Force is a vector quantity whose SI unit is Newton which is written simply as N.
  • To describe the force exerted on a body we need both its magnitude as well as direction.
  • To calculate the force exerted on a body using the above formula you need to know the mass of the object as well as the acceleration produced in the body.
  • If you want to calculate the force in Newton then you need to have the mass of the object in kilograms and the acceleration on the body in meter per Second Square (m / s 2).

Calculating centripetal force:

  • Centripetal force is the force that is responsible for holding the objects that are in circular motion. For example:
  • For moon the gravity between earth and sun acts as a centripetal force.
  • While a car is taking a turn, the force of friction provides the centripetal force so that the car can take a turn efficiently.
  • Centripetal force can be a result of many forces or sometimes it can be due to a single type of force. Here you will get the most basic formula for calculating centripetal force.

The formula used for calculating centripetal force is given as,

F = m (v2 /r)

In the above formula,

  • “F” is the force
  • “m” is the mass of the object
  • “v” is the velocity of the object
  • “r” is the radius of the i.e. the distance of the object form the centre of the circle
  • To calculate the centripetal force on the object, you need to know the mass of the object, radius of the circular path, and speed of the object that is in circular motion.
  • The mass should be expressed in kilograms, whereas the velocity needs to be in meter per second square and radius should be in meters.
  • Substitute all the values in the above formula and you will get the net force exerted on the body in Newton.
  • If you find it difficult to perform the calculations then you can make use of scientific calculators.
  • You can also use online calculators for calculating any type of force. You need to put the values of mass, velocity and acceleration depending upon the formula in compatible units.
  • You can use online converters for converting the units in compatible form if they are not in the compatible format to get correct answers.

You can use the information and the formulae given above to calculate force as well as centripetal force on any body which is under motion.

How to Prevent MRSA

MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a bacterium that causes infection to humans, mostly in the nostrils. The infection caused due to this bacterium is very difficult to treat as the bacterium has resistance against many antibiotics. These antibiotics include cephalosporin and penicillin’s such as nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin, etc. This article on how to prevent MRSA gives you some simple tips on preventing this infection.

This bacteria breeds inside the human body for a long time (many years), sometimes without showing any symptoms. In initial stages the symptoms shown by this bacterium are pimples, boils and red bumps that resemble spider bites. As the infections gets severe, these bumps become so painful that it is unbearable.

Who is at the risk?

People who have less resistance (weak immune system) are mostly infected by this disease. Others who are at the risk of having this infection are AIDS and cancer patients, intravenous drug users, people working in health care facility, people residing near the beaches and people who spend time in confined spaces with others.

How to prevent MRSA:

  • MRSA infection is usually caused due to poor hygiene, so most of the preventive measures for MRSA are related to it.
  • MRSA infection spreads easily through open wounds. If you have cuts or wounds then cover them properly using bandages and clean them regularly using antiseptic creams and antiseptic powders.
  • People working in hospitals are at high risk of infection due to MRSA bacteria from the infected patients. If you are working in a healthcare center then it is very essential that you wear sterilized gloves before touching the wounds of the patient.
  • Do not forget to wear facial masks as these bacteria mostly enter into the body through the respiratory track and cause severe infection to the nostrils as well as the respiratory track.
  • People who are infected from MRSA in the health care centers should be isolated from other patients as they could spread the infection to others easily and health care officials dealing with such patients need extra precautions.
  • If you are infected by MRSA bacteria then it is very essential that you maintain proper hygiene so that the infection does not spread to the other parts of the body. Do not touch the infected part with your hands.
  • If you are infected then do not share your towels, clothes and eatables with others or else you may transmit the infection to others.
  • Do not maintain close contact with other people for long time. Do not spend more time within compact areas with other people. This gives favorable atmosphere for the breeding of the bacteria and increases the risk of infection.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly whenever you touch any contaminated objects or the wounds of other people or your wounds. Use alcohol-based sterilizer or soap and water to wash your hands.
  • You should also wash food items and your utensils properly before using them for cooking. This bacterium is also transmitted through contaminated food, so take necessary precautions before eating the food items.
  • Buy food items from a clean and hygienic place.
  • You should also wash your hands properly before and after eating.
  • Do not share your razors with other people. If there are any bacteria present on the razor they may cause infection to you as well.
  • Use clean and sterilized razor each time you shave. It is best to use a new razor every time.
  • Always clean your hand with a disinfectant soap and water after using toilet. Do not touch any food items or body parts with unwashed hands. Clean your toilets regularly.
  • Clean your bed area regularly. Use clean, washed bed covers. Change your bed covers frequently.

Precautions to prevent further infection after the treatment for MRSA:

  • If you had the infection of MRSA and you have been treated then to prevent the infection to other parts of the body you need to take some precautionary measures.
  • Take shower at home using chlorhexidine or hexachlorophene.
  • After taking shower apply mupirocin ointment to the infected area at least for one weak regularly.
  • This will help you in preventing recurrent MRSA infection.

The suggestions given above are very helpful in giving you 100 % prevention against the MRSA bacteria. Try them so that you can stay away from this dreadful infection.

How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes results due to the increased blood sugar level that is caused because of low level of insulin in the blood. If you recognize this type of diabetes, you can easily control it taking few necessary precautions. If the high level of sugar within the blood persists for longer time then it can induce many complications. This article on how to prevent type 2 diabetes gives you some suggestions on preventing diabetes.

Another type of diabetes, Type 1 diabetes is caused when the beta cells present within the pancreas are destructed due to some reason. Destruction of beta cells leads to inadequate production of insulin required for the synthesis of sugar present within the blood causing diabetes.

If type 2 diabetes is not prevented on time it can even make some major impacts on your body causing stroke, blindness, kidney disease, leg amputation and many heart diseases.

Some of the factors when controlled will help you in preventing type 2 diabetes. These factors are increased cholesterol level, high blood pressure, overweight and not exercising. You can easily control these risk factors using the suggestions given below and prevent type 2 diabetes.

Preventive measures for type 2 diabetes:

Control blood pressure:

  • People above the age group of 45 are more likely to get diabetes. They need extra care. If your age is above 45 years then it is necessary that you go for regular checkup of your blood pressure.
  • If your blood pressure is higher than 140/90 or has reached near this value then you are at the risk of having diabetes.
  • Regular exercise and healthy diet are vey essential to control blood pressure.
  • Stress is also one of the reasons for increasing blood pressure. Reduce stress by practicing regular exercises and try to stay cheerful.

Control body weight:

  • Overweight people are unable to synthesis the available insulin within the blood. If insulin is not synthesized and used properly then your body sugar level gets disturbed as a result of which your blood sugar level increases.
  • Overweight people are also at a high risk of having high blood pressure which could also be a reason for diabetes.
  • If you are overweight then try to have a control on your weight by following proper diet tips. You can consult a nutritionist to get proper and healthy tips on diet.
  • Exercising will also help you in losing weight. Even if you reduce few pounds of your weight then you can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, because weight loss helps in using the insulin present within the blood more efficiently.
  • Avoid eating junk food and foods that are rich in fats and cholesterol should also be avoided.

Plan your diet wisely:

  • Eat a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. They provide you all the necessary nutrients for the proper functioning of your body. Do not use excessive oil while cooking food.
  • Red meat contains lots of fats and can increase your cholesterol level, so limit the consumption of red meat. Instead of eating red meat eat fish, fish contains all the necessary nutrients that will help in the proper functioning of your heart and help in controlling your blood pressure.
  • Prepare a diet chart and follow a healthy diet. You can also take help of a nutritionist to prepare your diet chart.
  • Count the amount of cholesterol that your body is getting through your diet. If you are getting more than 2,000 calories through your diet then try to limit your fat intake. Do not consume more than 56 grams of fat per day.

Increase your physical activities:

  • Exercising is the best way to keep you physically active. Try to do exercises such as walking, swimming and jogging. They help you strengthen your heart and increase your blood circulation.
  • Try to take stairs instead of escalator or elevator. This is the best method to keep your heart in proper functioning.
  • If your blood circulation is proper then it will help in using the insulin present within the blood efficiently.

Regular checkups:

  • It is recommended that pregnant women and people of age more than 45 conduct regular checkup for monitoring their blood sugar level.
  • If you monitor you blood sugar level you will be able to know whether the insulin present within the blood is utilized efficiently or not. If the onset of disease is diagnosed, you can easily take some preventive measures and prevent the disease from advancing further.

Avoid toxins:

  • Toxins such as alcohol and tobacco also increase the sugar levels within the blood as they affect the functioning of many of the organs of the body inducing many diseases.
  • They cause more impact on heart and introduce many harmful chemicals within the blood and disturb the enzyme levels within the blood.

The preventive measures give above are very helpful in preventing you from diabetes and many other diseases that could be induced within the body due to type 2 diabetes.

How to Prevent Staph Infection

Staph infection is the infection caused due to bacteria. Staphylococcus bacteria are usually called as staph bacteria. This bacterium usually breeds on the skin around the genitals, mouth and nose. This bacterium is usually spread through contaminated objects. Many of the preventive measures for preventing the infection due to this bacterium are related to hygiene. This article on how to prevent staph infection gives you some of the tips to prevent staph infection.

How to prevent staph infection:

  • This staph infection can spread from one person to another when they come in close contact with the infected person. If you find any person who is affected by staph infection, stay away from him.
  • Staph infection can also spread from one area of the body to other area of the body. If you are affected by staph infection it is very essential that you maintain proper hygiene such that the bacteria are not transferred to other parts of the body.
  • Do not share thing like towels, clothes and eatables with other people. This will increase the chances of infection.
  • Humid and warm climatic conditions are the most favorable conditions for the breeding of this bacterium. You need to have proper hygiene during these conditions.
  • Use dehumidifiers in your house to decrease the humidity within the atmosphere.
  • Do not touch the open wound of other people with your hand. It can be a reason for staph infection, because staph infections are easily transmitted through open wounds.
  • While touching the open wound of other people wear gloves and wash your hands properly afterwards.
  • If any area of your skin comes in contact with open wounds of other people then wash it immediately using a disinfectant soap.
  • Cuts and wounds should always be covered and cleaned regularly using an antiseptic. It will minimize the risk of transmitting the infection from one person to another.
  • Use bandages to cover the cuts and wound. Clean them regularly and apply antiseptic creams such as Neosporin and Soframycin on them.
  • While you are shaving, use clean razors. It is always safe to use new razors each time you shave. It is likely that you carry the step bacteria on your razors unknowingly, so use new razors each time you shave.
  • Do not share your razors with others; it will increase the risk of transmitting these bacteria.
  • Drinking plenty of water is very essential to flush out any kind of bacteria present within your body. Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water.
  • Wash your hands before touching any of the food items and before cooking. Do not eat food that is not covered properly and is cooked in unhygienic conditions.
  • Wash your hands using a disinfectant soap whenever you use the toilet. The bacteria are easily transmitted through the infected genitals, so keep your genitals clean to reduce the risk of infection.
  • It is seen that staph bacteria are mostly transmitted through contaminated food items, so wash the food items properly before you eat them or cook them.
  • Wash the utensils that you use for cooking properly with warm water. This makes the utensils free of infections or any bacteria if it exists.
  • If you are infected by staph bacteria then it is very essential that you maintain proper hygiene so that you do not transmit the bacteria to other people.
  • Avoid close contact with other people. This bacterium is easily transmitted if you come in close contact with infected people or if you are infected by the bacteria you may transmit the infection to other people.

The preventive tips given in this article are very helpful in preventing the infection from the staph bacteria.

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