How to Prevent Cancer

Cancer is a disease in which a cell or a group of cells start behaving in abnormal manner and start uncontrolled division. This uncontrolled division of cells further results into tumors. This cancer can be easily prevented by making a few changes in your lifestyle. It is very easy to prevent cancer. This article on how to prevent cancer will give few helpful tips on preventing cancer.

People of all ages are affected by cancer. Most of the times causes of cancer are related to unhealthy diet, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, environmental factors, stress, lack of physical activity, harmful radiations, etc. Knowing the causes and types of cancer is very important to prevent cancer.

Cancer may be of different forms; the types of cancer are categorized depending upon the area and the type of cells that are under abnormal multiplication. A cancer may be a lung cancer, blood cancer, skin cancer, throat cancer, oral cancer, etc depending upon the part of the body where it is affected. It is the most dreadful disease that most of the people of this century are affected with. Maximum cases of death are because of cancer throughout the world.

Here are few easy preventive measures that can help you in preventing cancer.

Avoid exposure to carcinogens factors:

There are many such factors around us that are responsible for causing cancer. These factors are called as carcinogens factors. These carcinogens environmental factors cause abnormalities in genetic material. There are certain chemicals which people at workplace more frequently get exposed to. These chemicals increase the risk on kidney and bladder cancer.

Exposure to dust, fumes, asbestos, gasoline, mustard gas, chloromethyl ethers, etc also cause cancer. Whenever you work in such places where the chances of getting exposed to such carcinogens factors is more, then talk to your employer about the safety methods to prevent the infection from such cancer causing factors.

Limit the intake of red meat and fats:

Red meat contains saturated fats that are responsible for obesity and increasing the amount of fats within the body. These factors trigger the growth of cancer causing cells called as oncogenes.  Reduce the amount of fats in your daily diet. As compared to poultry and fish red meat contains more amounts of fats.

Excess intake of fats is responsible for cancers such as prostate cancer and colon cancer. This can also be a cause of many other types of cancer.

Consume fresh fruits and vegetables:

Fresh fruits and vegetables contain a lot of antioxidants that are very essential for your body cells. These antioxidants help in repairing the damaged cells. Orange and yellow colored fruits are very helpful in preventing cancer.

Fruits such as grapes and blueberries also have anti-cancer properties. They help the body in fighting against the factors that can cause cancer.

Cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower and broccoli are also very powerful cancer preventing veggies. Include these foods in your diet.

Avoid overexposure to sun:

Sun rays emitted from sun contain some of the harmful radiations such as UV rays. These UV rays or ultra violet rays when come in direct contact with the skin for a prolonged period cause changes in the skin that can be responsible for causing skin cancer.

Recognize if any such skin changes occur. People with less melanin are more prone to harmful effects of sun. If you notice any such changes then take proper medication immediately.

Whenever you go out apply a good quality sunscreen lotion with SPF of about 15 to protect yourself from the harmful radiations emitted by sun.

Quit smoking:

Smoking is found to be responsible for almost all types of cancers. Most of the people may be under wrong impression that smoking only causes lung cancer but that’s not the exact picture, smoking causes many other types of cancer such as throat cancer, skin cancer, blood cancer, etc.

You should also try to avoid secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke inhaled from the lit cigarette or a smoker is also very injurious to health.

Minimize intake of alcohol:

Alcohol consumption also increases the risk factors for causing cancer, so limit the consumption of alcohol. It suppresses the immunity of person that may bring unwanted changes within the cells of a person. Men should not have more than two drinks a day and women should not have more than one drink a day.

Exercising for cancer:

The American Cancer Society recommends that daily exercise of about 30 to 35 minutes helps in improving health and fight against many cancer causing factors. Your daily exercise should include yoga, walking, jogging, swimming, playing sports, etc.

Regular medical checkup:

Regular medical checkup will help you in identifying any abnormalities within your body. If any signs of cancer are identified within your body then they can be identified and cured at initial stage. There are various tests that will help you in getting yourself screened for cancer.

Certain screening tests such as colonoscopy and Pap smear are able to detect the abnormalities within the cells and prevent them from turning into cancerous cells.

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How to Control Computer

Using a VNC for logging into your personal home computer from any machine in the world with web access for doing anything is fun. VNC is virtual network computing; it is one of those few tricks, which never gets old. Setting VNC at your home computer can help you if you forget anything. Sometimes when you leave important work data in your home computer, you must know how to control computer.

Here are some simple steps on how to control computer.

Things Required:

  • A VNC server
  • Mac OS X 10.4
  • Windows vista
  • VNC client

Steps:

  • The first thing you will have to do is to forward VNC network traffic towards the computer you want. Always remember, whenever you open the port from your home network for accessing the internet, there is a bit of a risk. Ensure that you set good passwords, keep changing them frequently and never proceed when you feel skittish.
  • On your router’s admin page, set a new port forwarding service for the port 5900, which is the default VNC sharing. However, you must make sure that you have assigned it to both TCP and UDP ports and the IP address as well. Now, you will have to enter the IP of your machine in the local network.
  • Similar to torrenting, ensure that your machine has some static IP address in the network, so that the info will not change. This is very simple to set up for Mac and Windows. For Mac you will have to select the “Using DHCP with manual address”, which is under the “Configure Ipv4” inside the TCP/IP section in the networking preferences.
  • For windows, understand that the IP address should be in the similar subnet as the class C subnet as your router and it should not be an IP address, which is given to another device or computer. The IP address will have 4 numbers, for e.g. 192.168.1.2. A good choice for the local statical IP will be replacing the last numbers with 11, so the new IP for e.g. will be 192.168.1.11. However, remember that you must leave the first three numbers unchanged always.
  • Now, you will have to activate VNC sharing for your home machine. For windows, you will have to download TightVNC and then install it. Once you have installed it, you will have to launch the server and set a new password. Everything else will be good to go, so just save the settings and the server will keep running in the background.
  • For Mac, you will have to activate the “Remote Management” inside the sharing preferences. Over here also you can set, which users will be allowed to access the computer and how. Under the option “Computer settings” you can choose a new password inside the “VNC viewers may control screen with password” field.
  • Now, you will just have to figure out the external IP of home through whatismyip.com. This can change from time to time if you are on big ISP without a static IP, so remember to check frequently. You will require the number for connecting.
  • The next step will be connecting the home computer. If you are connecting from Windows to Mac, then you will have to type the external IP, enter your VNX password and you will get connected.
  • From Mac to Mac, you will have to go in finder, go to go and then connect to the server. Once you are connected to the server start typing vnc://xxx.xx.xx.x (you will have to enter your external IP address). Type the user name and password for the current account of your home machine and now you are connected.
  • If you are doing it from Mac to Windows, then you must repeat the same step mentioned above, but only use the VNC password in the TightVNC field.
  • From Windows to Windows the procedure will be same as Windows to Mac.
  • If you wish to connect the computer with your iPhone, then Mocha VNC is a good client for the iPhone. This client will let you to control the computer with your phone. It is a great feeling, and the free version of this client will work for basic things.

Now, you know how to connect access your machine from any place; just a few simple steps and you are done!

How to Control Cough


There are many viral and bacterial infections during winters and these cause cough and cold in most of the people. If you get a mild cough in this season then you must start taking precautions to make sure that it does not get worse. A nasty cough will keep you awake all night and give you severe chest pain as well. Therefore, you must know how to control a cough. For controlling the conditions of your cough, you will have to treat it externally as well as internally. Here are some simple steps on how to control cough.

Things Required:

  • Water and soap
  • Vicks vaporub
  • Cotton socks
  • Warm slipper socks

Steps:

  • First, you can start with shallow bath of moderately warm water. You need to soak your feet in this bath and then wash it off with mild soap. Toddlers will enjoy this method, as they will get to play in the water. For adults, play some soothing music and enjoy the warm water.
  • Once you are done with this, then you will have to clot your feet with a soft and dry towel. If you want then you can dry your feet with a dryer as well. Try air-drying your feet, but it will take a longer time as compared to others. Try stepping on a paper towel without leaving a damp print of feet and your feet will be sufficiently dry.
  • The next thing you will have to do is slather a gob of Vicks Vaporub on the bottom of your feet. Make sure that you apply it on your entire feet from the side of the toes to the soles. Now wear a pair of clean and dry socks. This method will help you in controlling cough.

Home remedies

  • Method 1: Take an onion and crush it. Once you crush the onion, take the one-tablespoon juice of the onion and one tablespoon of honey. Mix these two things and allow it to rest for nearly five to six hours. The patient must take this mixture at least twice a day. Onion is a good antibiotic and has anti-inflammatory actions, which will clear the congestion and will loosen the cough as well.
  • Method 2: Start chewing three black pepper seeds. You can also put these seeds in a glass of milk and drink it. This mixture will help in loosening the mucous membrane and will clear the chest congestion.
  • Method 3: Take one inch of ginger and crush it. Add half teaspoon of pepper powder in the crushed ginger. Add one tablespoon of honey and vinegar as well. Later add water in this mixture, mix it well and start having it at least thrice a day.
  • Method 4: Take two tablespoon of glycerin, two tablespoon of honey and add it in lemon juice. You will have to take one tablespoon of this syrup everyday.
  • Method 5: Take one heaped teaspoon of eucalyptus, mint leave, and bring it boil. Once the water starts boiling, inhale the water vapor before it gets cool. This is a very effective method for curing cough.
  • Method 6: Take one cup of water and bring it to boil. Add 2-3 cloves of garlic in the water, one spoon of oregano and allow it to boil for the next five minutes. Let this mixture cool and drink it.
  • Method 7: Start boiling one gallon of water or more. Pour this water in a big bowl, cover your head with a towel and start taking vapors of this water. Take deep breaths for the next ten minutes. This will give you relief from the phlegm. A hot shower will have the same effect.
  • Method 8: You can drink warm water for soothing irritation. Try drinking lemonade, tea or apple cider to get some relief from cough. Add one tablespoon of honey in this drink to increase its effectiveness.
  • Method 9: You can gargle with warm water as well. Use this home remedy throughout the day and it will give you instant relief from cough.

Tips and Warnings:

  • Coughing will help you in clearing the mucus from the respiratory tract. Therefore, you must leave the cough alone unless you are having disturbances in sleep.
  • Always remember that you must never aggravate the cough with irritants like chemicals and smoking.
  • Honey will cause botulism, which is a kind of food poisoning, in kids that are less than a year old. Therefore, don’t use the home remedies that have honey in them for infants.

How Long does it Take to Get a Passport?

Passport is something, which is required globally for international travel and is also considered as your identity proof. Students and travelers who need a foreign visa will have to get a passport first, often a few months prior to their travel. All the passport services are available in expedited and standard time frames, which are based upon your travel needs. Read more to know How long does it take to get a Passport?

Significance

  • With the increased laws and security concerns these days, it has been made a compulsion to carry a passport when you are traveling internationally. In the United States, you will have to apply in person, if you are getting your first passport made. If you are below 16 years of age, if your passport is lost, damaged, stolen or if your name has changed then you will have to go in person and get it made.
  • An in-person application process will increase the time that is required for obtaining the passport, as you will have to work according to the government schedules.

Time Frame

  • The time frame for the passport to process will vary in every country. For instance, in the United States a standard passport will nearly take between four to six weeks for processing.
  • Always remember that the processing time starts from date of your submission that you completed application form and the passport photos. You will have to consider some extra time to fill the forms, submit the official copy of your birth certificate and get passport-sized photographs. 

Types

  • There are expedited passport services available in the United States and it is available for their citizens only. The government will offer an expedited passport process only when you need a passport in a week.
  • If you need a passport in two weeks for traveling international or under four weeks for getting a visa, you will have to make an appointment with the Regional Passport Agency. For locating the local agency or taking an appointment with them, people in the United States can call the National Passport Information Center at this number 877-487-2778.

Considerations

  • The duration to obtain the passport will depend on various factors for many people; the standard time frame is applicable. If you have some special circumstances, then the passport process can take a longer time. In the United States, the government officials can complicate the passport acquisition for the people in ‘watch list’.
  • The people in this list are a threat to national security. If your name happens to be similar to some name on the list, then the government officials will force you to undergo a screening process.

Expert Insight

  • For avoiding hassles, you should apply for a passport as early as possible. Always remember that passport applications will increase when the holiday time comes by and this will complicate the work schedules of government.
  • If your traveling plans have a departure date, which is less than a week outside of the standard time taken to make a passport, then you can consider going for the expedited service.

Clearly there is no specific answer as to how long does it take to get a passport? It depends on the type and time of year. A fair average will be somewhere between one or two weeks, but it can also stretch up to six weeks or more.

How to Calculate Area of Parallelogram

A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with four sides; each pair of opposite sides is parallel to each other. In a parallelogram the measure of opposite sides is always equal. The parallel opposite sides of a parallelogram never intersect each other. This article on how to calculate area of a parallelogram will help you in calculating area of a parallelogram using simple formula.

The formula for calculating area of a parallelogram is given as,

Area of parallelogram = l × b

In the above formula,

  • “l” is the height of parallelogram
  • “b” is the base of parallelogram

Area of a parallelogram is usually expressed in square units i.e. m2, cm2, etc.

To calculate area of a parallelogram, you need to measure the height of the parallelogram. Height of a parallelogram is the distance between the two opposite sides of a parallelogram. This distance should be measured as a perpendicular height and not the slant height of the parallelogram.

To measure the perpendicular height of the parallelogram draw a perpendicular from one of the side of the parallelogram on the opposite side and measure its height.

Place the measured value of height of the parallelogram in the above equation.

Now, measure the length of base of the parallelogram and place it in the above equation and multiply both the values. This is the calculated area of a parallelogram.

Example:

Suppose the measurement of height of a parallelogram is 4.4 cm and the measurement of base of a parallelogram is 2 cm and you want to measure area of the parallelogram.

Then, using the formula for measuring area of parallelogram,

Area of parallelogram = l × b

= 4.4 × 2

= 8.8 cm2

Therefore, area of a parallelogram of height 4.4 cm and base 2 cm is 8.8 cm2.

You can also make use of online calculators for calculating area of a parallelogram. These online calculators allow you to insert the values of height and base of a parallelogram in different units that are compatible with each other and get the value of area of parallelogram calculated for you.

If you have the values in different units then you can look for help online to convert them into desired units and then place these values in the online calculators to calculate the area of a parallelogram.

Examples for practice:

  • Calculate area of a parallelogram of height 5 feet and length of base 3.2 cm.
  • Calculate area of a parallelogram of height 0.54 m and length of base 11 cm.

How to Calculate Area of Hexagon

Hexagon is a polygon with six edges and six vertices. It is found that the sum of the angles in a regular hexagon is 720. In case of a regular hexagon the length of all the sides is same. In this article on how to calculate area of hexagon we will know to calculate area of a regular hexagon using simple formula.

Area of hexagon is represented in square units.

Calculating area of hexagon from the length of its side:

The formula for calculating area of hexagon is given as,

A = (3 √3/2) t2

In the above formula,

  • “A” is the area of a hexagon
  • “t” is the length of side of hexagon

The value of 3√3/2 is approximately 2.5980, so the formula for area of hexagon can be written as,

Area of hexagon = 2.5980 t2

To calculate area of hexagon you simply need to know the measurement of the side of the hexagon. As measure of all the sides of hexagon is same you can calculate the length of any side of the hexagon and place it in the above formula to get the area of hexagon calculated.

Calculating area of hexagon from the length of its side and distance between the parallel sides:

Another alternative formula for calculating area of hexagon is as given follows,

Area of hexagon = 1.5 d t

In the above formula,

  • “d” is the distance between the parallel sides of hexagon
  • “t” is the length of side of hexagon

To calculate area of hexagon using the above formula, calculate the measure of side of the hexagon and the distance between any parallel sides of the hexagon. As hexagon is a symmetrical shape all its sides as well as the parallel distance between any of the sides of a hexagon is same. Place the calculated values in the above formula and perform necessary calculations.

Make sure that all the units are compatible with each other i.e. if you calculated the length of side in cm then it is necessary that you measure the distance between the parallel sides in cm only.

In the above formula “d” can also be the length of the diameter of the circle that is inscribed within the hexagon.

Calculating area of hexagon using the formula for calculating area of triangle:

When we join the opposite vertices of the hexagon will see six equilateral triangles within the hexagon with the sides of the hexagon as the base for each triangle. Therefore, the formula for calculating area of a hexagon in this case is given as,

Area of a hexagon = 6 ((1/2) × L × H)

In the above formula,

  • “L” is the length of side of triangle
  • “H” is the height of triangle

Determine the length of side of any triangle and the perpendicular height of any of the triangle. Place these values in the above formula. As the area of the hexagon is occupied by six triangles of same measurement, we multiply the area value by six so that we get the area of the hexagon.

Another way of calculating area of a hexagon is using the online calculators. These online calculators simply allow you to insert the values for the desired fields and click on the calculate button, they get the area calculated themselves.

You can use any of the above methods to calculate area of hexagon, whichever you are comfortable with and the one that saves your time.

How to Calculate Area of a Trapezoid

A trapezoid is a mathematical figure with four sides in which two sides are parallel to each other. If a trapezoid has four sides named as ABCD then that trapezoid is represented as a polygon ABCD. You can easily calculate area of a trapezoid using the directions given in this article on how to calculate area of a trapezoid.

Area of trapezoid is given in square units.

Formula for calculating area of a trapezoid is given as,

Area of trapezoid = h (l1 + l2)/2

In the above formula,

  • “h” is the height of the trapezoid
  • “ l1” is the length of one of the parallel sides of the trapezoid
  • “l2” is the length of another parallel side of the trapezoid

Area of a trapezoid is the average of parallel sides of a trapezoid multiplied by the height of the trapezoid.

Measure the length of both the parallel sides of the trapezoid and also measure the height of the trapezoid. Place the values in the above equation and calculate the area of trapezoid. Measure all the dimensions in compatible units.

The height is the perpendicular height between the parallel sides of the trapezoid. Draw a perpendicular from the side opposite to the base of the trapezoid on the base of the trapezoid. Measure the length of this perpendicular drawn. This is the height of the trapezoid.

If the measured units are not compatible with each other them using the online sources convert them into compatible units and then calculate the area of a trapezoid.

Example:

Suppose the length of one of the parallel side of a trapezoid is 4 cm and the length of another parallel side is 3 cm and the value of perpendicular height between the two parallel sides is 2 cm and you have to calculate the area of a trapezoid.

Substituting the above values in the given formula,

Area of trapezoid = h (l1 + l2)/2

= 2 (4 + 3)/2

= 2 (3.5)

= 7 cm2

Therefore, area of a trapezoid is 7 cm2.

Practice problems:

  • Calculate area of a trapezoid in which the length of one of the parallel side is 2 cm and other side is 6 m and the measure of the height of the trapezoid is 4.4 m.
  • Calculate area of a trapezoid in which the length of one of the parallel side is 2.2 cm and the length of another side is 7.5 cm while the height of the trapezoid is 23 mm.

How to Calculate Area of a Square

A square is a regular quadrilateral i.e. the measure of all the sides of square is equal. The four adjacent sides of a square form four angles of equal length. The measurement of each of these angles is 90 degrees. This article on how to calculate area of a square will help you in calculating area of a square using simple formula.

A square with vertices is ABCD is represented as □ ABCD. Area of a square is measured in square units.

Formula for calculating area of square:

Area of square = s2

In the above equation, “s” is the length of side of square whose area is to be calculated.

You can calculate the area of a square by simply calculating measure of one of the side of the square and obtain square of that value.

Alternative method for calculating area of a square:

Another method of calculating area of square is, divide the square into the number of parts equivalent to the length of the side of the square. Count the number of squares within the square. This is the measure of area of a square.

Example:

Calculate area of a square whose side is of length 5 m.

Therefore, by using formula for calculating area of a square we get,

Area of a square = s2

= 52

= 25 m2

Using the alternative method we get,

area-of-a-square

  • Divide the square into 5 equal parts longitudinally and 5 equal parts vertically.
  • Count the total number of squares formed within the square after dividing it into equal parts.
  • This is the value of area of square. Express it in appropriate units.

You can also use online calculators for calculating area of a square. In the box provided, fill in the value of the side of a square and click on the calculate button to get the area of square calculated.

Practice examples:

  • Calculate area of a square whose sides are of length 4.5 feet.
  • Calculate area of a square whose sides are of length 2.2 inches.

How to Calculate Area of a Rectangle

In geometry, a rectangle is a quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel to each other and the sum of the measure of diagonally opposite angles is 180 degrees. You can effortlessly calculate area of a rectangle a the formula and a simple method that I have explained in this article. Know how to calculate area of rectangle using formula:

The formula for calculating area of  a rectangle is given as,

Area of rectangle = b × h

In the above formula,

  • “b” is the base of the rectangle
  • “h” is the height of the rectangle

The value of area of a rectangle is measures inn square units.

In a rectangle any two opposite sides are always equal in length and parallel to each other. The sides of a rectangle are never slanting, they are always perpendicular to the base. If the sides of a rectangle are slanting then it is called a parallelogram.

To calculate area of a rectangle, calculate the length of base of rectangle. You can consider any side of a rectangle as the base of rectangle.

Now, the side adjacent to the base of the rectangle should be considered for the height of the rectangle. Measure the height of the rectangle. Place the values in the above formula to calculate area of a rectangle.

Example:

Suppose you want to calculate area of a rectangle in which the measure of one of its side is 5 cm and the measure of other side is 2 cm.

Therefore,

Area of a rectangle = b × h

= 2 × 5

= 10 cm2

Calcuating area of rectangle by drawing squares:

You can use an alternative method for calculating area of rectangle that is as explained below. Let me explain this method using an example.

Suppose you have asked to calculate area of a rectangle whose one of the sides is 8 units and other side is 6 units.

Rectangle

Rectangle

  • Draw a rectangle using the dimensions given in your problem. According to our example we have to draw a rectangle whose two opposite sides are of length 8 units and the other two sides are of length 6 units.
  • Now, as shown in the above figure divide the sides of length of size 6 units into 6 equal parts and the sides of length 8 units into 8 equal parts.
  • You will get a matrix of squares within the rectangle.
  • Calculate the number of squares within the rectangle. This is the area of rectangle.

You may also use online calculators to calculate area of a rectangle. Place the dimensions of the rectangle in the space provided to insert the values and click on the calculate button. You will have the area of rectangle calculate for you.

Practise examples:

  • Calculate area of a rectangle of sides 4 m and 5 m.
  • Calculate area of a rectangle of sides 3 ft and 4 m.

To convert the units into compatible units refer to online sources for conversion factors or you can simply insert the values into the online converters and get the conversions done.

How to Improve Presentation Skills

Now, why is it so necessary for professionals to master the art of making a good presentation? Basically, it reflects an individual’s quality as a mature professional. Anyone who has a sound grip over the basics of presentation skills is a definite potential asset for any company. But it is certainly not an easy job to address a crowd of watchful listeners. Many have had knee-jerk experiences when it came to speaking in front of a group of professionals. This precisely explains the importance to improve presentation skills. Presentations have slowly emerged as the most important skill in the modern world. But with so many advices on offer on how to improve presentation skills, which one is the best to take? One must understand that the primary objective of any mode of communication is reception, not transmission alone. A basic structure of presentation has three stages, namely planning, designing, and executing. And all these stages must be geared to the audience.

Planning

Now, suppose you have to give a talk, then where do you exactly start from? In the planning stage a presenter must get all his groundwork done. He should concentrate not only on the facts that he is supposed to present, but also on the style, tone, and the tactics that he is planning to employ during the presentation. To be on the safer side, for 5 minutes of talking, a presenter must spend not less than an hour in preparation.

Designing

Then comes the designing part wherein the presenter concentrates on the elements to be presented which will support the overall objective of the presentation. Proper slides, charts, or graphs, and other materials must be prepared and arranged properly and professionally. All this should be designed keeping in mind the target audience.

Executing

Finally, comes the part where the presenter has to put forward his idea to the audience. This is the most difficult part of all, as there are many who sweat on the idea of public-speaking. Let’s zero-in on some of the ways on how to improve presentation skills;

  1. Prepare properly – The comfort level while presenting will definitely increase if the presenter knows the contents of the presentation like the back of his hand. After all, the audience expects him to be the master of the topic he is presenting.
  2. List the points clearly – It is always better to let the audience know the topics of the presentation in the beginning to avoid any kind of confusion.
  3. Use audio–visual aids – Only following the lecture mode while presenting can get quite boring and strenuous at times. So, to keep the audience interested in the presentation, it is always beneficial to use various audio–visuals aids like projectors, LEDs, attractive slides, pictures, objects, and more. We all know the saying that a “picture is worth a thousand words”.
  4. Rehearse properly – It is always advisable to rehearse, preferably in front of a live audience, to get a hang of things and get to know what works and what doesn’t. It is also best to get rid of the stage fright. While rehearsing, try to make the use of space properly, and when alone, practice in front of the mirror to get your expressions and gestures in place.
  5. Don’t stick to the podium – One should never stick to the podium alone while presenting. To interact with the audience better, the presenter must walk around the room and be approachable to everyone listening to him.
  6. Navigate innovatively – Now, if one wants to utilize space while presenting, he cannot remain stuck to his computer to navigate slides. Use a remote device to change slides. Furthermore, to improve efficiency, it is better to learn all the keyword shortcuts which make navigation easy.
  7. Interact with the audience – A presentation will be nothing but extremely boring if a presenter simply reads out from his notes or slides. Audience doesn’t want that, and they intend to listen and interact with the presenter.
  8. Confidence – It is very important for a presenter to talk and put his points across confidently. He should speak only what is relevant. While speaking, his intonation pattern should be poignant, and he must use body language and facial expressions to support his cause.
  9. Visualize and breathe – To get rid of the anxiety, it is always advisable to close eyes, breathe deeply and visualize the scene of the presentation and imagine that the presentation has ended successfully with the audience applauding and cheering.
  10. Plan B – Always prepare in advance a plan b in case something adverse and unexpected happens while presenting. What if the projector blows off, or the laptop gets stolen? The show must always go on and the presenter must know his topic so well, that he can present it even with his eyes closed, or at least have a hard copy in hand for leading hints.

Following were the methods on how to improve presentation skills, but one who intends to become a really good presenter must evaluate his performance honestly after each presentation and try to work on the flaws and get better with time.

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